Tag Archive jackfruit

Genetic Diversity in Jackfruit based on Molecular Characters in Indonesia

D. Palupi1, S.S.B. Rahayu2 and B.S. Daryono2*

      1Faculty of Biology, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
      2Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
      *Corresponding author’s email: bs_daryono(at)mail.ugm.ac.id
      Email addresses of coauthors: dianpalupi08(at)gmail.com, ssbudirahayu7(at)yahoo.com

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Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) is one of the most widely cultivated fruit in Indonesia. The Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada Universtity, Indonesia has 11 provenances where jackfruitis widely grown in Indonesia. The aim of this study was to assessed variation injackfruit based on molecular marker RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA). Seven RAPD primers namely A-13, A-27, B-4, H-15, L-1, OPB-1, and OPD-19 generated 70 DNA bands, of which 40 were polymorphic. In this study H-15 primers produced more polymorphic fragments than the other six primers and had the highest percentage of polymorphic fragments, namely 91.7%. Similarity matrix was calculated using coefficient of Jaccard. Unweighted Pair Group Method Using Arithmetic Mean (UPGMA) cluster analysis was performedto develop a dendogram. This data analysis was performed by NTSYS software ver. 2.1. In the present studies, jackfruit tress accessions from the eleven provenances were divided into two clusters with similarity coefficient ranging from 63.33 to 85.71%, provenance of East Java and West Java were the most closely similar (85.71%) based on molecular characters.

Key words: Jackfruit, molecular characters, genetic diversity, RAPD

Key findings: Detection of genetic differences and relationship between jackfruit from 11 provenances of Indonesia for sustainable cultivation and for conservation of plant genetic resources.

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