Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense. L) lines assessment for drought tolerance in Uzbekistan

Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense. L) lines assessment for drought tolerance in Uzbekistan



Globally, increasing water and energy demand is expected to reach 6.9 trillion cubic meters by 2030, exceeding 40% of the available water supplies. Climate change and rising temperatures caused water shortages due to lesser and irregular rainfalls, leading to lower production of crops. The research to assess drought tolerance of Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense. L) lines in Uzbekistan revealed the line, T-450 as the most promising for drought environments. The research, in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in three replications with a factorial arrangement and two irrigation regimes (non-stress and water stress at the seedling stage), was conducted at the experimental field of the Institute of Genetics and Plant Experimental Biology, District Zangi-Ota, Tashkent Region, Uzbekistan. Nine Pima cotton lines, i.e., Сурхон-14 (control cultivar), Т-1, Т-5440, Т-2006, Т-10, Т-167, Т-5445, Т-450, and Т-663 with diverse agronomic characters, were selected for their potential yield during 2019, 2020, and 2021 cropping seasons under two different environments (optimal and water deficit condition). Drought indices revealed significant differences among lines, except the golden mean (GM). Results in the ranking method indicate that among the drought tolerance indices, mean productivity (MP), geometric mean productivity (GMP), stress tolerance index (STI), mean relative performance (MRP), relative efficiency index (REI), and relative drought index (RDY), show the most suitable indicators because of their high correlation with seed cotton yield. Cluster analysis and threedimensional plots showed the cotton inbred lines with the highest tolerance to drought under both irrigation conditions. The first three principal components (PCs) explained 67.54% of total variation and the PC1 can be nominated as a potentially stable yield. The biplot diagram based on PCs and drought tolerance indices showed that MP, GMP, STI, MRP, REI, and YI were the best indices for screening the tolerant cotton inbred lines, such as, T-450.

Download the article

Date published: September 2022

Keywords: Pima cotton lines, non-stress and water stress, cluster analysis, principal component and biplot analyses, correlation, seed cotton yield

DOI: http://doi.org/10.54910/sabrao2022.54.3.6

You must be logged in to post a comment